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Wachsmann does what amazing historian writers (and teachers) should aspire: engage their readers (students) by presenting history through storytelling. I was fortunate to have two amazing history teachers in high school (especially my high school American history teacher, Swampy Johnson—an energetic Civil Battle reinactivist—and then an undergraduate professor). Wachsmann received the 2016 Wolfson History Prize for KL, as he presents an illuminating perspective on the Nazi concentration camps (KL’s) under Himmler’s SS from about 1933-1945, that operated to starve or ignore due to disease, work toward death in labor camps and details, physically torture, bodily experiment, shoot, gas, and cremate. He organizes the book by topic: Early Camps; The SS Camps; Expansion (Social Outsiders; Forced Laborers; Jews); Battle (The Camp SS at War; Street to Perdition; Scales of Suffering);Mass Extermination (Killing the Weak; Executing Soviet POWs; Murderous Utopias), and so on. In contrast to books about the holocaust, KL discusses the operation of the camps, the SS guards’ behavior and treatment of prisoners, the Commandants, doctors doing experiments on prisoners, euthanizing some, and treating them in the camp clinics. This is an acc of the breakdown in the physical, moral, and psychological make-up of people in the camps, not only from the prisoners, but from the guards, the Kapos, medical personnel, and administrative personnel. Prisoners were starved and lived in squalor and disease, frequently typhoid. Corruption was widespread in the camps as the SS from top down to guard and Kapo, appropriated property of prisoners that they had to surrender to the camps upon entry. Wachsmann describes the depravity of the entire KL (concentration camp) system in a visceral way, based upon victim interviews, witness testimony, and deep research. One interested in this zone should read this book as it sheds fresh insight and expands our knowledge on the topic.
This was honestly not an simple book to read. This isn't because of any dense scholarly language but the content. This is probably the most complete history of concentration camps ever written. It is hard to imagine how this could have happened but it did and it is necessary to come to grips with this reality. This book helps one to do that and I strongly recommend this book to obtain a full grasp of what happened.
Nikolaus Wachsmann has written a heavy and comprehensive look at the Nazi institution, the concentration camp (KL in German). He traces the origins of the camps, suggesting the multiple and changing reasons for their continued existence, and with meticulous research a well-nigh complete history of this not good series of establishments of National Socialist horrors. I note that one reviewer found nothing fresh here. I consider this judgement short-sided and ill-informed. Wachsmann's vast research alone leads him to question any number of often repeated simplicities about the camps. One after the other, he examines with care the ways scholars have too-often reduced German Kapos to fiends only, or have assumed that the more popular camps were merely death mills for the Shoah, demonstrating that their functions were multiple, designed for far more than easy murder, though a lot of surely were that. This one-volume look at this crucial facet of Nazi terror is likely never to be surpassed and now stands as a truly important read for anyone attempting to assess fully the monstrous 12 years of Hitler's "thousand year Reich." It is well written to boot. Superb in every way.
This book is unlikely to be surpassed. It documents for the first time the complete and comprehensive history of the Nazi concentration and extermination camp system from 1933-1945. In the process it clears up some misunderstood beliefs and showcases how the Nazi march toward the Holocaust was based on a continuum rather than an overnight momentous decision.Wachsmann demonstrates how the first concentration camps - ramshackle holding cells really - were set up in 1933 after Hitler came to power. The purpose of these camps was to intimidate and silence all kinds of opponents, from vagabonds and Communists to drunks and Jews. Targeting only Jews was not the purpose of these e camps subsided for a few years after 1933 but were rekindled in the late 30s after Hitler, Himmler and others set their plan for a 'Master Order' based on race in effect. Jews, gypsies and homosexuals started to be specifically targeted after 1938, although even then until 1941 or so the main plan was intimidation, financial extortion and forced was only in 1942 that the plan turned toward extermination; the Wannsee conference was an necessary touchstone (although again not the most necessary or the only one). But even here, the methods for extermination were based on older ones. Killing by gas was a legacy of the horrific T-4 euthanasia program of the 30s. Wachsmann also reminds us that the Holocaust did not suddenly begin with the gas chambers but was initiated by the SS Einsatzgruppen killing teams in the Ukraine and the Soviet Union. Also, the first casualties of a lot of of the camps were not Jews but Soviet POWs. Another book that info this background very well is Richard Rhodes's "Masters of Death".The book also demolishes some myths. One myth of course is the belief that the Holocaust somehow sprang fully from someone's head or signature or from a single conference in 1942. As the book demonstrates, this is not real and the whole program grew out of an escalation of historical acts from the 1930s onwards, sometimes through accidents and fits and starts. The other myth the book addresses is of Auschwitz somehow being the most gruesome emblematic symbol of the Holocaust. As not good as Auschwitz was, the book makes it clear that unlike Auschwitz, four other camps (Treblinka, Sobibor, Belzec and Chelmno) were dedicated exclusively to extermination. Auschwitz was also a labor camp; this fact was valuable because it allowed a lot of survivors to escape and tell their stories. However an unintended side result of their unforgettable testimony is the belief that Auschwitz stood for everything the Holocaust stood for. As the book documents in amazing detail, reality was more complicated.Wachsmann talks about all of this as well as the mind numbing bureaucracy that permeates even an unimaginable atrocity like the Holocaust at amazing length. Yet the prose in this 800 page volume is remarkably readable, partly because somehow Wachsmann still finds zone to focus on individual personalities, from the infamous to the mundane. He never lets us forget that the Holocaust was perpetrated by a lot of ordinary people, from high Nazi officials to lowly camp personnel and random citizens of occupied territories, and this remains perhaps the most disturbing fact of all. This is quite definitely the most panoramic, nuanced and authoritative view published until now, not just of the camps per se but of their historical evolution. Painful and gut-wrenching to read in a lot of places, but a important and very valuable contribution even to the mountain of literature that exists about the Third Reich.
KL (German abbreviation for concentration camp) is a brilliant work of scholarly writing and research on the history of the Nazi camps where millions of Europeans died in gas chambers and by other forms of gruesome death. Dr. Nikolaus Wachsmann a professor of Modern European History at the University of London is the distinguished author. The book is long weighing in at 865 pages of little print text and extensive footnotes. Much of the research was done using German sources of information. Much has come to life since the 1990's and the release of millions of Nazi folders to reveal the horror that was Nazi Germany. The opponents of the Reich were labelled as Jewry; Gypsies; Homosexuals; Jehovah Witnesses social deviants; the mentally deficient; Communists and political and military prisoners especially those from the Soviet Union. Approximately six million Jews were murdered in such Dantean hellholes as Treblinka, Ravensbruck Camp for Women, Auschwitz (over one million persons were gassed and murdered here) and a lot of other camps The devil in human form who was in charge of this murder was Himmler who was the head of the @#$%!&?ler never visited a concentration camp but was firmly behind the evil program's progress. The author backs up his research by the keen use of first person accounts by both the victims and their tormentors. A book like this makes one ashamed to be human. This is a book which will be used with profit for years by those scholars and general readers wishing to learn more about the holocaust years.
There is a difference between reading a history of WWII and a history of Nazi Germany. While the stories of WWII are centered around the West, most of them will tell us that the Nazi's were rabble-rousers who killed the Jews and other people the regime did not like in the camps, using different methods including gas chambers and crematoriums. But when you read a history of Nazi Germany, including this one, you really obtain to see how sick and sadistic they were. Mr. Wachmann does a phenomenal job in spelling out in gruesome detail the true story of the concentration camps and the sheer evil that was event in there. What has been read in US textbooks and other broad surveys of WWII does not even compare to what was discussed in here. I think one of the most gruesome deaths that was described in the book (out of many) was in the beginning of the camps when one of the SS guard "inserted a hose into [a prisoners] rectum and opened the high-pressure water tap" (39). Given that was in the beginning of the camps, when the mass murder was "unorganized" and from central command.Overall, this is a amazing book. Mr. Wachsmann does a amazing job in combining statistics and figures from the KL and private stories from all of the prisoner accounts, which create the prisoners feel true and more than just a statistic. Very in-depth history, and he does a amazing job in using reason and logic to combat the myths of the camps. Read another book after this one before going to bed though. Too much death and destruction can create you very unhappy and mess up your mental state.
There is a lot more to German concentration camps than the story of the Holocaust. Not to down play that horrific happening but concentration camps started well before and thought of exterminating the Jewish people. They evolved just as the Third Reich evolved and reflected the political will of Hitler and the Nazi party.KL tells this story in amazing detail and illuminates the changes in their purpose as they were tasked as warning to different groups, forced labor pools, extermination centers, and potential bargaining chips during the course of the Third is not simple reading. The different ways in which they were used usually ended in death for the prisoners either from disease, murder, starvation, or exhaustion. It numbs the reader after a while and only becomes meaningful when reflected upon.I wouldn't recommend this book for the casual reader, it is too detailed but, for a person who has read a bit about the Third Reich, it is very valuable and provides a view of the economic necessity of concentration camp prisoners as an economic engine for the Reich. Be prepared to spend some time with the text as it is long and requires frequent stopping points to think through what you've just little criticism, KL does not spend enough time providing background on the Euthanasia Program (Einsatzgruppen, elimination of the disabled). This is a critical link to the larger Holocaust and needs to be incorporated into the picture. Christopher Browning has documented this are quite well in his book "Ordinary Men" which I highly recommend.KL is a tough but important book. Without it huge locations of the Third Reich's treatment of Jews, political prisoners, homosexuals, asocials (criminals), and the disabled will not be fully understood.
If impeccably researched, authoritative history about Nazi battle crimes versus humanity during the Second Globe Battle is what you're looking for, here are my suggestions for first exposure to the topic matter. For the Holocaust in its entirety, you must start with Raul Hilberg's "The Destruction of the European Jews: 3rd (third) Edition". Then, for the narrower topic of the Nazi Concentration Camps, Nikolaus Wachsmann's "KL" is certain to become the standard reference work in this area. Each author has not only presented a factual history based upon basic sources, but woven these gruesome etiologies into a spellbinding narrative with a minimum of author induced emotion. As I believe the best authors accomplish, both Hilberg and Wachsmann unfold their stories in such a method that while their emotions are minimized the topic matter is presented in a manner that it rarely fails to stir the readers emotions. The corruption of moral values in the common populace will still be difficult for Western cultures to understand, but it continues to be evidenced in today's world.
Wachsmann has given a detail representation of the Nazi prisoners' camps in Germany in WWII. It is awesome that a civilized nation like Germany could go so low, so cruelly and so indifferent. I can see why some of the reviewers of this book keep the Germans responsible for the method they treated Jews, other prisoners (some Germans) and prisoners of battle (from Russia and Poland), The efficient coolness with which they destroyed these prisoners is the most cusation of the Germans in WWII. Some of these people even thought (they did not pretend, they really thought) that treating prisoners this method was permissible and even, in some cases, scieintific. The author cannot ignore the Jews, but it also describes how the "soft" Germans and especially t he prisoners of battle from the Soviet Union (and Poland) were treated. The results (for everybody) was incredible, and Germans, all Germans, in WWII are responsible for what it went on. The post-war necessitated (?) that the Allied rapidly overlooked some of the crimes committed and enlisted the Germans versus the Soviet Union, but the shame fore the Ge4rmans remains. This book documents it well.
As a firefighter this was one of the first things we purchased after we moved into our 2 story house. There is simply no reason not to invest in something so that can save your life. Lord willing you will not need this device but you do not wish to be in the position of needing it and not having it. I recommend at least 1 in the upstairs of your housing unit in a put that is simple to obtain to. This ladder is well created and simple to deploy if important so that even children can do it if left at home and the worst happens. I would certainly recommend this product to others.
As September is Disaster Preparedness month, I though it would be wise to practice going up and down the ladder with the family. As it is primarily for the children end of the house, the kids, ranging in age from 18 (190lbs) to 11 (90lbs) practiced climbing up and down. Yes, its a bit wobbly, yes,it works. Necessary note (and the reason for the 4 stars versus 5 stars)! As the picture shows, the metal edges of the steps are sharp, and will dig into the side of your house as people go down, causing hurt to the paint and puncture marks in the siding of the house. Additionally, one of the red caps at the hook (windowsill) end of the ladder came off while we were practicing, gouging the finish below the windowsill. Yes, the ladder will work in an emergency, however, beware, when you practice (and do practice), the ladder will cause hurt to the side of your house.
Not good design of portion that hooks over window sill. The red end caps are very loose, and came off in a try of the assembly hanging over the window sill. This seems treacherous as the hints of the bars need to engage the window trim or sill or the ladder may fail to keep to the window. The not good connection of the grapple mechanism to the specific window I tested is a fundamental failure. A carabiner harness accessory should be available so that a lag bolted harness could attach to a wall stud and the carabiner used to secure the ladder at the window. The folding hinge should have a lock mechanism so when it opens it locks in the begin position. Steps deployed easily. Was able to refold the steps relatively easily. Should come with a storage bag. The instructions state: "Warning: Kidde Escape Ladders are designed for one-time use only. Discard after single use. Repeat use may effect in injury or death." It is necessary to be able to train with a safety ladder and these instructions prevent training unless a duplicate product is purchased. I will check out the X-IT Fire Escape Ladder next.
A family in our community recently died because they could not obtain out of their two story home. My husband is a firefighter and was one of the ones to search the family huddled beside the upstairs window. It was one of the saddest things ever. It was a mom and a dad and two kids. The stairwell in their home had burned up and they couldn't obtain out. If they had had a fire ladder they might have lived. After my husband got home from that call he ordered one of these on Amazon immediately. We recently moved to a two-story home and had not bought one yet. It is not worth risking it. We actually plan on buying another one to have on both sides of the house upstairs just in case we can't obtain to one. The only other thing I thought about that this latter would not solve is the problem of having little children. Obviously adults could easily climb down this ladder out of a window but toddlers or babies could not. I actually thought about tying ropes to a laundry basket and sticking it in a closet because if I was home alone and my husband was not there and I had two children at home, I would have no method of getting them down a ladder by myself. But I could stick my baby in a laundry basket and lower him down with rope. That may sound crazy but it's probably what I would have to do in case of an emergency if I was by myself with my kids. Just an idea for other mamas with little children. So grateful they create a product like this to hold families safe!
I bought two of these for added peace of mind. I have 3 kids and all of our bedrooms are up 3 floors from the ground with no roofing in between for an escape in the happening of a house fire. I hope never to need it, but I’m extremely satisfied we have them in our rooms if we need them. My kids are all too young or little to be able to lift and set up these ladders independently unfortunately, but I know that in the next few years my oldest should be capable of using this herself If needed. In the meantime, we do have an escape plan in put on how we would evacuate our kids. I also purchased a rapid baby evacuation device bag which zippers closed and is attached to a long tether so that I could obtain my baby and toddler out quickly and safely. It is rated up to 75 lbs and I highly recommend other parents to this also if you have little children. Looks to be a amazing and sturdy device. Did not begin up Incase could not fold back up.
We got this to stay current with getting down from the second floor bedroom in a fire. Now at mid 60's, we don't wish to have to jump out and hit the ground as we would probably fracture a hip or break a leg. If you have multiple rooms and children on the second floor bedrooms, obtain one for each bedroom. When you obtain them do not activate the ladder unless you are going to use it..... it takes a while to place back into the correct way! Don't forget, 1 all purpose fire extinguisher per room per floor...
If this book does not convince you that Kuala Lumpur is a must on your bucket list non will! I loved the 25 secrets that the author shares in detail with the reader and a amazing touch to it by the added link that takes you straight to the put to obtain even more information. My favorite is number 17 Store and eat at Petaling Market, it is a very long road with a glass roof, it seems that you will be able to till you drop day and night. What makes it even more convenient is that are delicious meal as well!
If you would like some extra information or photo's please comment and I'll modernize the review with any fresh information I canThis is a amazing piece of Equipment to have as part of your fire plan. Just create sure you the proper length for the home.I like to have this prepped and ready to go next to the fire masks at all eally having them in each bedroom where someone sleeps with a firemask would be preferred. This method if there is an emergency their escape doesn't require opening doors and/or navigating risky hallways.A possible solution is to have a tote, with a mask, a blanket, a gallon of water and a ladder in it. This method your loved ones have a "fire kit". They can use the water to wet a blanket and either put under the door or wear over their shoulders. They have the mask for smoke and the ladder to escape.Having the ladder is amazing but what if it's not accessible to you or your loved one because they're separated by the fire or smoke? It's just part of your family fire plan.
The ladder opens up & folds back in really easily. I place it in an begin plastic container & slid it under my bed for storage (which is awesome, because finding a put to place items is always half the war in my little apartment.)The instructions say it's a "one time use", but it seems really sturdy. I hope to never have to use it, but feel comforted having it around.
I had just visited this put with my friends. It was so fun and memorable. I must say this book helped us so much. All the info from this book was informative and helpful, and we also saved lots of money. This book has provided vivid info of Kuala Lampur and its various locations with a lot of pictures. I found that visiting like local people is more fun than traveling like visitors. We had created mate over there and had barbecue party as well. The book was very helpful with amazing detail on a lot of interesting locations and secrets. Recommended.
Well like almost everyone else I wondered if it is possible to re-pack this ladder after it has been deployed (like so you can practice).Well I guess I will search out because mine deployed accidentally while I was hanging it up in my closet.I will post an modernize laterUPDATE: Amazon is amazing. They are replacing my ladder. It does appear that the ladder can be re-packed, but not with a lot of confidence. I did not practice with it because at my age, I don't like the risk/benefit ratio over a concrete driveway. I don't mind not being able to practice with it; in an emergency I'm sure we will manage. If you really wish to practice, I would recommend buying 2. At $48 each it would be worth giving you peace of mind. If you don't like it on the practice run just return the second one for a refund.
When I was younger I created a bucket list, and one of the stuff on my list is visiting Malaysia. We had been learning about it in school and I was fascinated; the culture, the environment, the people. Obviously a lot has changed since then and that means that the put is much better to visit now. The method the author has written this book is awesome because it takes the form of a list of things to do. I guess it’s a coincidence that this trip is a part of a list. All in all I’m still impressed with Kuala Lampur and I should really begin planning that trip.
First of all, these bags are huge. Second of all, they are not opaque. You can see the colors and info of what is inside. Due to that, you need the bag to be large so you can fold it and roll it to conceal what is fresh house has a septic tank so flushing anything other than toilet paper is a huge problem. I bought these bags so guests can feel more comfortable disposing of feminine products. I also use them because wrapping some things in toilet paper is not efficient or fun to do.I bought these based on the huge number for the price. They work but they could have created them smaller and thicker. If I run out of them I might more because of the price, but they are not optimal as far as function. They would be better for diapers than feminine products.
Ladies,Please these for your home. This is such a better alternative than wrapping toilet paper around your pads, tampons and wipes. It traps the odor and looks clean and neat in your trash can. When I wrap my menstrual products in toilet paper, the smell is just the worst. I would totally recommend these. Also, when you use "flushable" wipes, place them in these instead of in the toilet. Flushable wipes should honestly be banned because they're poor for the environment and don't dissolve when they are flushed. So I use the term "flushable" lightly. They clogged up my drain and definitely didn't dissolve. Just like baby wipes. So I started using these paper wax bags, even when I'm not on my period and just wish to feel clean by using wipes.And to the mothers out there,This is just what I needed. Paper is so much better than plastic when it comes to trappie,ng smells. Which is why I choose this product for putting dirty diapers in. I double wrap the diaper and my baby's room stays odorless for a couple days. Plastic bags don't work as well IMO.
I will be using these to place 2 donuts in for my wedding to send home with guests. I may also use them for trail mix snacks for appetizers. I will be printing on them. They are a amazing size and seem very sturdy. 5000 is method more than I need but I will use them for lunch bags or something after the wedding is done.
Multi e these in my laundry room for my wall hanging lint/dryer sheet holder. (Made one from a metal mailbox I purchased here on Amazon)ep some in my kitchen & use them for on the go grab bags. Excellent for cookies, ep some in my car glovebox for trash.4. Hold some in my bathroom to wrap private hygiene products/wipes to put in trash a lot of uses for these.
I bought them for use when I collect specimens of mushrooms in the field for later identification. They are larger than the waxy bags I can in grocery stores and excellent for this alternative use. I haven't tried fitting one in a sanitary napkin disposal container as I don't frequent woman's bathrooms but expect they will work as well as any other waxy bag I have seen with respect to containing moist contents.
It is what it says it is. Does the job well. I just want the would create in less quantity for homes not business. Maybe 100 count. I bought 500 and I think it will latest for the rest of my life. Also, I reuse the bags since they are powerful and coated with wax for moisture resistance and the bathroom is only used by my husband and I. So I obtain few uses out of each bag. Not being is just that there is no need for me to replace them all the time.
I am a mentor for young girls and thought these bags would be a amazing method to support them be discrete with their unmentionables since this was a subject of our latest discussion. They are the excellent size. THE QUANTITY IS AWESOME 500 BAGS!!!. I gave each young lady a unique bag which included 100 each of these brown disposable bags and other feminine hygiene items.
The bags are actually larger than I expected but will work for their intended purpose. Our house has sensitive plumbing. After multiple calls to a plumber, we have come to search that a female family member was abusing our pipes with her feminine hygiene products. I've placed these bags in all the bathrooms in the house to remind ladies that their sanitary products cannot be flushed and should be completely wrapped so the dogs don't drag them out of the trash and through the house. I really cannot believe I just wrote a review about this but... hope it helps someone out there!
I really wish to create an effort to reduce my use of single-use plastics, even the ones that are supposedly biodegradeable. So, my choices were paper or reuseable. No thanks to the reuseable. But paper comes in all kinds of forms and is very ey're waxed so they're moisture resistant, which means you can pick up most dog poop without it soaking through the bag onto your fingers. They also keep up to light rain, which beads up on the ey're a small more delicate than a plastic bag so you have to work out how to pick up dog poop with them. I just do a careful ver of what I did with plastic bags - stick my hand in the bag, pick up the poop, and careful turn the bag inside out around the poop. This is where you have to be careful because the bag can tear, though I've only had it tear around the top. Then I twist it and toss it.I have two Dobermans and I can use one bag per poop, generally. If a poop is kind of messy I'll involve paper towels. But, messy poops are hard to pick up with plastic bags, too.Anyway, I like this as an alternative. I'd have preferred the bag to be gusseted on the bottom as well as the sides, but I can't seem to search that. But being waxed and having this level of thickness to the paper seems to suffice.
Excellent size for this container: Bobrick 270 Contura Sanitary Napkin Receptacle, Rectangular, Stainless Steel, 1galThey are the same height as the interior of that container, pull them out and roll them down after filling. The only problem is they may not stay begin at the top.
It's not showing on my phone display Apps for some reason but it's showing as being installed on my phone, I'm going to uninstall & then install it again, i would like to see it on my phone so i can use it, i used it from the play shop & it seemed to work great, WHAT HAPPENED?
Only cleaned what I wanted it to clean anyway. Didn't test clean images all by itself. Just cleaned actual cache and junk left behind by adding and removing apps. And other KB and MB that were actual junk. I am satisfied fresh user to see the first scan go so well